Eczema/dermatitis is a rash-like skin condition which can show symptoms anywhere on the body. Simply put, eczema is a condition that causes a person’s skin to become red and itchy. It may start as a simple rash, but when scratched the skin becomes inflamed and even more red.

Read on for more information on what causes eczema, what it looks like and most important how to ease your symptoms.

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF ECZEMA/ DERMATITIS?

Atopic dermatitis, also referred to as eczema, dermatitis, atopic eczema and atopic dermatitis, occurs in children and babies, but can last into adulthood. Usually, it shows up as extremely itchy, scaly patches on the insides of the elbows, behind the knees and on the face but it can appear anywhere on the body.

Contact dermatitis happens when your skin is exposed to an allergen. I can occur because you’re allergic to something or because it simply irritates your skin. For example, poison ivy causes contact dermatitis.

Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic form of eczema and usually affects areas with large numbers of oil glands. In adults, this is usually the scalp, eyebrows, side of the nose and chest. In infants, it often appears on the scalp as cradle cap. The affected areas often have a whitish and flaky appearance. Seborrhea may be caused by a yeast. People with this type of eczema seem unable to process the yeast properly, and the irritation occurs.

Hand Eczema shows up as redness, itching, dryness, peeling, flaking, cracks and blisters. It can be debilitating and highly uncomfortable. Pompholyx, also called dyshidrotic eczema, is a specific type of hand eczema that can also show up on the feet. It appears as very tiny watery blisters on the palms, inside the fingers and on soles of the feet. The exact cause of pompholyx hasn’t been determined but seems to be affected by emotional stress, sweating and exposure to metal compounds.

Nummular Eczema, also referred to as discoid or nummular eczema, appears in coin-sized projections that are bumpy. These patches usually appear on the lower legs, torso or forearms.

Neurodermatitis/Lichen Simplex Chronicus is similar in appearance to atopic dermatitis and is exacerbated by scratching or rubbing. It may result from insect bites, stress or nervous habits and can cause the area of skin to thicken and discolor.

Stasis Dermatitis results when your body can’t send blood back to the heart efficiently. Eventually, the pooled blood in the legs affects the skin on the legs with swelling, redness, scaling, pain and itching. Over time, severe cases can lead to oozing, cracking, ulceration and infection.

TREATMENT

Three Tips on How to Take Care of Eczema Prone Skin

How to Choose an Eczema Cream or Lotion

People who suffer from eczema have a hard time finding products that don’t irritate their skin because how of fragile the skin is. Choose products specifically formulated to treat the symptoms of eczema, and that are gentle and fragrance-free. The moisturizers for eczema should help seal moisture in the skin.

Look for products with ingredients like colloidal oatmeal, shea butter, hyaluronic acid and ceramides; these moisturizing ingredients repair and protect the skin and relieve itching and irritation. Colloidal oatmeal specifically is an FDA designated skin protectant that relieves itching and minor irritation caused by eczema, rashes and other skin conditions. Avoid fragrances, harsh ingredients and alcohol-based products as they can trigger flare-ups and dry out skin.

Medications

Therapies

DERMATOLOGY CENTER FOR SKIN HEALTH

eczemaEczema can be a frustrating condition to live with.

The Dermatology Center for Skin Health wants to do everything possible to help you understand what is causing your eczema and provide treatment.

Schedule an appointment to develop a treatment plan for your eczema by calling us at:

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